InSe crystals can be made only a few atoms thick and are a better semiconductor than graphene.
“Ultra-thin InSe seems to offer the golden middle between silicon and graphene,” says Nobel Laureate Sir Andre Geim co-discoverer of graphene, “similar to graphene, InSe offers a naturally thin body, allowing scaling to the true nanometre dimensions. Similar to silicon, InSe is a very good semiconductor.”
To avoid atmospheric damage the InSe crystals were grown in an argon atmosphere which allowed atomically-thin films of InSe for the first time.
The electron mobility at room temperature was measured at 2,000 cm2/Vs, significantly higher than silicon. This value increases several times at lower temperatures.
The researchers believe they can utilise the processes used to produce large-area graphene sheets, to make commercially useful sheets of InSe.